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Business Vocabulary

any problems email me rodsit@gmail.com

An application to get you thinking in business language rather than everyday language. Modern business terms carefully handwritten – a little accountancy, a little marketing and general business English. A good mix.

Just press the ‘question’ button and try to get the definition of the business term used. It does not matter if you get it slightly wrong – the wording is never exact. But you must try to use business jargon rather than home or sport language.

Good for native speakers of English to get them attuned to business jargon. 

Good for leaners of English language.

Good for teachers – you get a ready-made lesson with answers!






JSONArray and JSONObject Android

Having problems retrieving your data using java libraries JSONObject?
I am not surprised because its not so easy. This example will help you:

/* – here is an example JSON object from a URL (guardian API)
“sectionName”:”World news”,
“webTitle”:”Hosni Mubarak on way to face trial, says Egyptian official”,
“sectionName”:”Public Leaders Network”,
“webTitle”:”PFI promises are more rhetoric than reality”,
“webTitle”:”Rents soar to record levels”,
“sectionName”:”Global development”,
“webTitle”:”East Africa drought: Uganda has problems, but it is no Somalia | Ben Jones”,
“webTitle”:”Angry and confused over change in mortgage redemption charges”,
“webTitle”:”I want to convert flats back into a single house \u2013 what mortgage should I go for?”,
“sectionName”:”World news”,
“webTitle”:”China calls on US to manage its debt ‘responsibly’ from now on”,
“webTitle”:”It’s 2000: can you spot the real Sergey Brin on the quizshow?”,
“webTitle”:”UK garden birds hit by avian pox virus”,
“sectionName”:”Voluntary Sector Network”,
“webTitle”:”Demand for interim managers in charity sector remains high, says recruitment specialist”,
}] }}

// retrieve your JSON somehow, I am using URLConnection. If you want the whole code email me.
URL twitter = new URL(“http://content.guardianapis.com/search?format=json”);
URLConnection tc = twitter.openConnection();
BufferedReader in = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(

//. put your JSON into a string:
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
String line;
while ((line = in.readLine()) != null) {
sb.append(line + “\n”);
// here is what you probably want most – its not so damn obvious. I got there by ‘trial and error’ :)
JSONObject jObject2 = new JSONObject(sb.toString());
JSONObject menuObject2 = jObject2.getJSONObject(“response”);
String attributeId12 = menuObject2.getString(“status”);
System.out.println(“value == ” +attributeId12);
String attributeId22 = menuObject2.getString(“userTier”);
System.out.println(“value == ” +attributeId22);
String attribute3 = menuObject2.getString(“results”);
System.out.println(“value == ” +attribute3);
JSONArray ja4 = jObject2.getJSONObject(“response”).getJSONArray(“results”);
System.out.println(“sub1_att = ” + ja4.getJSONObject(0).getString(“sectionId”).toString()+”\n\n”);
System.out.println(“sub1_att = ” + ja4.getJSONObject(0).getString(“sectionName”).toString()+”\n\n”);
for (int i=0;i<ja4.length();i++){
System.out.println("length = " + ja4.getJSONObject(i).getString("sectionName").toString()+"\n\n");

All the best with this JSONObject library. It does work but needs careful coding.
‘Like me’ if you appreciated this pls.

Take care of laptop power charger adapters

Many notebook power adapters are made with cheap components these days. You may have noticed. Here is how to make them last longer

1) Do not bend the cables as they can break easily these days. I have taped cables to the charger body to prevent them waggling around too much. If you carry your adapter round in a laptop bag then give it lots of room and place it in your back carefully – as if it were made of glass.
2) Try not to let the adapter get too hot. Processor running full tilt and battery half charged will heat the charger up too much.
3) So, check charger does not get too hot and handle it VERY carefully.

These tips will give you extra time with your very fragile power adapter. All the best with it. :)

Note: Looking forward to much needed advances in power adapter design. I suppose its not sexy enough :(

Java Thread wait and notify for Right Handed Thinkers

This code may be enough for you, but I will add a few words at the end. (note: if you use this code replace the WordPress ” with real ones)

package com.multiple.threads;

public class Controller
public static void main(String[]args) throws InterruptedException
WorkingClass b1 =new WorkingClass();
Thread b = new Thread(b1);
System.out.println(“1 Just about to call wait()” + b.getName());
System.out.println(“2 Just got notified”);}
System.out.println(“3 Ended here”);}}

class WorkingClass implements Runnable
public void run(){ synchronized (this){
System.out.println(“4 Starting a 4 sec sleep, nighty night.”);
try{ Thread.sleep(4000); }catch(Exception e){}
System.out.println(“5 Finished sleeping and calling notification”);
output is:
1 Just about to call wait() Thread-0
4 Starting delay
5 Finished sleeping and calling notification
2 Just got notified
3 ended here

So, you have to synchronize your thread object and run() to get locks. Then the thread stops at the wait() stage and does nothing until notify() – after the task is finished. At which point it goes to the last stage in the program and finishes. – The task here is a 4 second sleep, but it could be getting data online.
Try it in your terminal window – it works.

Java Interfaces and Threads for Right Hand Thinkers

How can a java interface gain you access to methods in classes that implement the same interface?
How can a Thread use a start() method that is nowhere to be seen (its hiding in Thread).

To solve these convoluted issues I have written a Thready class that is similar to java.lang.Thread and a Runnabley interface that is similar to java.lang.Runnable but just 4 or 5 lines so that you can then see exactly how its all working. Its hard to explain in words without being an annoying geek.

So, here’s some code to look at and run at home.
Thread becomes Thready and Runnable becomes Runnabley. The users class is called FakeThread:

package com.thready;

public class FakeThread implements Runnabley {

public static void main(String[] args){

// or Runnabley runnable = new FakeThread();
FakeThread runnable = new FakeThread();
Thready thready = new Thready(runnable);

// or Thready thready = new Thready(new FakeThread());
System.out.println(” running thread “+thready.getName());

public void run(){
System.out.println(” running dummy thread from FakeThread “);

Here is a fake Thready class (similar to the real Thread class)
package com.thready;

public class Thready implements Runnabley {

private Runnabley target;

public Thready(Runnabley target){
this.target = target;

public void run() {
if (target != null) {
System.out.println(” from run() in Thready but in this case NOT a real thread but a dummy one “);
public void start(){
System.out.println(” from start() in Thready class “);
public final String getName() {
return “FredTheThread”;

Here is Runnabley, similar to java.lang.Runnable:
package com.thready;

public interface Runnabley {

public abstract void run();


If you want to do a real Thread and Runnable, then here is your tester class:
package com.thready;

public class Test2 implements Runnable {

public static void main(String[] args){

Runnable runnable = new Test2();

Thread thread = new Thread(runnable);

System.out.println(” running thread “+thread.getName());


public void run(){
System.out.println(” running thread in run test2 class “);


If you like words here are some: If your class implements an interface, then when you make an object it automatically becomes an object of the interface as well. Then all classes that implement the same interface can use each other’s methods if they want. See how we make a thread object that takes an interface in its constructor, pass it our class object and then we get access to methods in Thread. Run() in Thread runs because something in Thread tells it to run, – target.run() – not because it is overwritten.

Its best to play around with the code I have given you answering the questions:
1) How can run() in your class be called?
2) How is start() in Thread called?
3) If Thread had no constructor that took a Runnable, how would things change.

Like I said it IS convoluted, so all the best.

Answer to 3)
The class thread needs to call run() in our users class. Therefore it needs to know
the name of our user classes object so it can call it. That object gets into Thread via its constructor.
(I repeat its not overwriting the run() method, its actually being called form Thread.

Android Graphics & Applications

Feel free to help yourself – I am not claiming any copyright on these images.
Android on a Wall

Radioactive Android

Through-the-Glass Android

Night-Time Android

Friendly Android

Alpha Cut-Out Android